Home Technology 5 Solid State Relays (SSR) Switching Variations

5 Solid State Relays (SSR) Switching Variations

5 Solid State Relays (SSR) Switching Variations

Alongside their several functions and implementations, solid state relays (SSRs) have a number of switching variations. Solid state relays are electric devices that switch on or off when small external voltages are spread across control terminals. SSRs differ from traditional mechanical relays in that they lack dynamic moving parts. Instead, SSRs operate through LED or infrared lights produced by an optocoupler. This leaves relays with no moving parts that can wear out or get damaged. At the same time, SSRs are able to switch on and off much faster than mechanical counterparts. With their numerous advantages, comes a number of unique variations in switching types. Continue reading to learn the top solid state relay (SSR) switching variations. 

Zero Switching 5 Solid State Relays (SSR) Switching Variations

Zero Switching

Zero switching is one of the most common solid state relay switch variations. These switching types have higher surge currents as well as enhanced voltage blocking capabilities. This makes zero-switching solid relays most effective when used for capacitive or limited loads. SSR’s are activated as soon as the line voltage is crossed. Because of this, they have a response time of roughly 8.33 ms. For their fast response time and restrictive load capacity, zero switching devices are frequently used for various packaging equipment, molding machinery, and food processing machines. As you educate yourself on the different SSR variations, consider zero-switching options. 

Peak Switching

Peak switching options are one of the most advanced and heavy-duty SSR variations. Peak switching styles are recommended for inductive, advanced loads. SSRs are activated as soon as the voltage line peaks to ensure efficient operations. After it is initially switched on, the relay operates as a traditional zero-switching SSR. These are best suited for loads leaving an iron core, in many cases, they are integrated to transformers and other heavy devices. Consider peak switching variations for an advanced SSR type.

Analog Switching

As you explore the various SSR switching options, you have likely heard about analog switching. There are two forms of these switching variations, both analog and analog full cycle. In analog full cycle, the relay conducts a number of full cycles that are evenly distributed over a specific time period. Both switching variations are recommended for smaller, restrictive loads. A majority of the time, these variations are used within heaters and other devices that require temperature control. However, full cycle styles can also be used to control heating zones. They are also used to monitor equipment in welding, drilling, or cutting applications. Additionally, you can learn about the best smart gadgets to integrate with SSR devices. 

Instant-On Switching

Instant-on switching is another popular SSR switching variation. Instant-on options are commonly used for inductive loads. In the process, solid state relays outputs are only activated after control voltage levels are applied. This variation is known for its speed. With instant-on switching, response times are frequently as low as 1 ms. Due to these incredibly fast response rates, these variations are frequently deployed in equipment where fast response times are integral to performance. For example, instant on switches are commonly found in coils and electric magnets that require solenoids. Familiarize yourself with instant on switching devices in order to educate yourself about SSR variations. 

Switching Variations 5 Solid State Relays (SSR) Switching Variations

DC Switching

DC switches can additionally be integrated into solid state relays. DC options are best used on inductive, limited, or restrictive load capacities. The semiconductor within DC switching system operates directly in accordance with directions for relay control inputs. These switches often have response times of less than 100 ms. They are utilized for restrictive loads in order to maintain adequate valve and motor control. However, when inductive loads are switched you must connect a surplus voltage parallel in order to protect your load. Consider the importance of DC switching devices as you check out best gadgets to integrate with solid state relays.  

Many tech enthusiasts are constantly familiarizing themselves with the workings of solid state relays. These relays can be integrated into a number of different applications and offer a unique number of switching variations. In comparison to their mechanical counterparts, solid relays lack the dynamic parts that are known to break and wear down. As you learn more about how relays work, you should know that zero switching options are questionably the most common form of variation. Consider peak switching options are used for the most advanced, durable, and inductive equipment. Analog switching devices are excellent options in equipment that requires temperature control. Instant-on switching devices are primarily recognized and popular for their extremely fast response times. Furthermore, consider DC switch options for loads with restrictive and inductive capacities. Consider the points mentioned above if you are interested in the top solid state relay (SSR) switching variations.